What is strabismus?

Strabismus or observers look at different directions by losing the paralell of the eyes. It is common, affects about 4% of children, but can also develop in adults.


The eye can be shifted inward, outward, upwards or downwards while looking straight at the desired position with an eye in the strabismus. Eyes may shift and slide continuously in the same eye.


When looking at the desired point with both eyes, these two images are combined and perceived as one and three dimensional in the visual center of the brain. When the eye shifts, two different images will appear in the brain, so the brain will suppress the image coming from the floating eye, which will cause a feeling of depth and a decrease in the vision provided by both eyes.


In adults, double vision complaints arise because the suppression of the vision from the floating eye is no longer possible. In the first few months of life, eyesight seeker movements, short-lived intramuscular or out-of-sight shifts are regarded as normal, but the shift from the 4th lecture to focusing on the surrounding objects must be consulted by a specialist eye doctor.


In addition, an expert ophthalmologist should be consulted as it may manifest itself with cataracts, eye tumors or strabismus in neurological diseases. The exact reason for the astonishment is unknown. Functional, neurological or muscular structural disorders and imbalance cause sliding. Diseases such as cerebral palms, cerebral palsy, Down's syndrome, hydrocephalus, or cataracts, glaucoma, or trauma affecting the eye can be caused by imbalances in the muscles that move the eye, cerebral palms affecting these muscles, or glaucoma or trauma.


The first sign of kayman is that the eyes do not focus on the same spot, but it may be the result of climbing on the finds such as closing the eye on the sun, tilting the head or looking at the head. The most important complaint in adulthood is double vision. Every child in the infancy or pre-school period should be examined for possible eye problems (such as strabismus, eye lashes, fracture defects or cataracts, intraocular tumors).


It is thought that as a belief among the people, a child's kaymaz will grow with time and grow up, but this is a mistake. Straightness never grows by itself. However, in children, when the root of the nose is wide and when there is no slip, the appearance of slipping is improved by the development of the nasal bone over time, when we call it a false strabismus, which leads to the appearance of slippery. In such cases, the ophthalmologist should see the differential diagnosis and correct diagnosis.


In addition, if there are people with strabismus or eye lashes in the family, the child must be shown to the eye doctor at 1-2 years. Apart from this, every child should have an eye examination until 3 years old. Our aim in treatment is to provide the development of both eyes by using the eyes without adversely affecting visual development. Behind a detailed eye examination, treatment is planned according to the reason of kaymak. If there is an accompanying fracture in the treatment, the slip can be corrected by wearing glasses. Providing the paralysis of the eyes with surgery will allow two eyes to be used together and gain a sense of depth. Surgical intervention is not done by laser, the muscles around the eye are replaced and the position of the eye is adjusted. - The earlier the strabismus treatment is done, the higher the success.


However, adults with strabismus in the adult period, or adults who have not been treated before, may be able to increase their environmental awareness especially by surgical treatment. - Surgical treatment is not an alternative to eyeglasses or eyelid surgery, and eyewear and occlusion therapy may continue after surgery.