What is Cataract?

In the folk language, the blurred areas formed in the cataract eye lens, also called curtains or axes, are concentrated areas. The eye lens is behind the iris and the pupil. The mission is to create an image on the retina that covers the inner face of the back of the eye and is sensitive to the light. If the lens becomes blurred, the view may be distorted as the rays are prevented from passing.


When a cataract occurs, the chemical composition of the lens changes. However, the reasons for this chemical change are not yet known. Cataracts in old age are the most common. However, this type of cataract is encountered at age fifty and even younger. In addition, sugar, other system diseases, drugs and eye injuries can occur with cataracts. Babies can be inherited cataracts as well as cataracts in the first years of life.

Cataracts usually occur slowly. There is no irritation, no irritation, no redness. Some cataracts do not reach a level that seriously reduces the vision, while others completely prevent vision.

1) To Your Size


2) Density


3) It depends on where the lens is formed.


The complaints the patient may notice are:


It is foggy, misty, blurry, sometimes double vision; but as the cataract progresses, it usually disappears.

The need to change the glasses often arises. However, as Cataract transgresses a certain point, changing glass also can not improve vision.

Do not feel like you have a movie on your eyes, you look like you are looking after a tülün or a waterfall ... Cataract often blinks to see better.

The change of the eye baby color which is usually black ... While the eye is examined, the eye baby may appear gray, yellow or white, but these changes may not always be noticed.

Light problems, such as the use of cars at night, become increasingly difficult because the misty part of the lens dissipates headlight beams from the outside and causes them to double invisibility or glare. Likewise, a person with cataract complains about whether he or she is reading or doing close-ups when there is not enough light.


"Second opinion": In some people, when cataracts reach a certain level, they gain a temporary reading comfort. As Katarot develops, the vision begins to deteriorate again. None of these septoms do not prove that someone is cataract, or that cataracts should be taken. However, any person with any of these symptoms should refer to an eye doctor.


When should we have cataract surgery?

Cataract surgery should be performed when the visual impairment progresses enough to disrupt the daily life of the person. If the cataract is fully mature and becomes opaque like frosted glass, it should be treated more urgently. It is even possible for a mature cataract to swell and even disperse in the eye. Such changes carry the danger of permanent loss of sight.


Congenital cataracts should be operated immediately in any case where the visualization is obstructed.